Israeli PM Netanyahu calls Irans enrichment move a very very dangerous step

first_img Benjamin Netanyahu makes history as Israel’s longest-serving leader Israel PM Netanyahu plans to visit India ahead of repeat polls to boost his campaign By Reuters |Jerusalem | Published: July 7, 2019 3:48:44 pm Related News “Iran has violated its solemn promise under the UN Security Council not to enrich uranium beyond a certain level,” he said.“I call on my friends, the heads of France, Britain, and Germany – you signed this deal and you said that as soon as they take this step, severe sanctions will be imposed – that was the Security Council resolution. Where are you?” Netanyahu said.If any one of the three European parties to the accord believe Iran has violated the agreement, they can trigger a dispute resolution process that could, within as few as 65 days, end at the UN Security Council with a reimposition of UN sanctions on Tehran.The other remaining signatories, Russia and China, are allies of Iran and unlikely to make such a move.“The enrichment of uranium is made for one reason and one reason only – it’s for the creation of atomic bombs,” said Netanyahu, a strong opponent of the 2015 agreement. Advertising Advertising Post Comment(s) Israel, Russia to cooperate on foreign troop exit from Syria: Benjamin Netanyahu “The enrichment of uranium is made for one reason and one reason only – it’s for the creation of atomic bombs,” said  Benjamin Netanyahu, a strong opponent of the 2015 agreement.Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Sunday an announced increase of uranium enrichment by Iran was an extremely dangerous move and he again called on Europe to impose punitive sanctions on Tehran. Israel will be destroyed in half an hour if America attacks Iran: senior Iranian MP Netanyahu made the remarks after Iran said it is fully prepared to enrich uranium at any level and with any amount, in further defiance of US efforts to squeeze it with sanctions and force it to renegotiate a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.In a news conference broadcast live, senior Iranian officials said Tehran, which has denied seeking nuclear arms, would keep reducing its commitments every 60 days unless signatories of the pact moved to protect it from U.S. sanctions.“This is a very, very dangerous step,” Netanyahu said in public remarks to his cabinet.last_img read more

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John Paul Stevens evolved into Supreme Courts liberal lion

first_img John Paul Stevens evolved into Supreme Court's liberal lion FILE – In this April 30, 2014 file photo, retired Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens prepares to testify on the ever-increasing amount of money spent on elections as he appears before the Senate Rules Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington. Stevens, the bow-tied, independent-thinking, Republican-nominated justice who unexpectedly emerged as the Supreme Court’s leading liberal, died Tuesday, July 16, 2019, in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., after suffering a stroke Monday. He was 99. (AP Photo, File)John Paul Stevens moved left as the Supreme Court shifted to the right during his nearly 35 years as a justice. That’s how the bow-tie wearing Republican from the Midwest emerged as the leader of the high court’s liberal wing and a strong proponent of abortion rights, consumer protection and limits on the death penalty. Related News Advertising Post Comment(s) More Explained By AP |Washington | Published: July 17, 2019 8:30:10 am ‘Truth, justice have prevailed’: PM Modi on Kulbhushan Jadhav verdict Justice Ginsburg has surgery to remove cancerous growths Explained: Kulbhushan Jadhav case file US Supreme Court to decide legality of census citizenship query Stevens was especially concerned with the plight of ordinary citizens up against the government or other powerful interests _ a type of struggle he witnessed as a boy.When he was 14, his father, owner of a grand but failing Chicago hotel, was wrongly convicted of embezzlement. Ernest Stevens was vindicated on appeal, but decades later his son would say the family’s ordeal taught him that justice can misfire.More often, however, Stevens credited his sensitivity to abuses of power by police and prosecutors to what he learned while representing criminal defendants in pro bono cases as a young Chicago lawyer.He voiced only one regret about his Supreme Court career: that he had supported reinstating the death penalty in 1976. More than three decades later, Stevens publicly declared his opposition to capital punishment, saying that years of bad court decisions had overlooked racial bias, favored prosecutors, and otherwise undermined his expectation that death sentences could be handed down fairly.He wasn’t always a champion of the individual. A case allowing New London, Connecticut, to seize people’s homes for a redevelopment project was one of the most famous _ and unpopular _ majority opinions written by Stevens.“Friends and acquaintances frequently told me that they could not understand how I could have authored such an opinion,” he said, while maintaining that the city’s actions were constitutional, even if unwise.One of his harshest dissents came when the court lifted restrictions on spending by corporations and unions to sway elections. He called the 2010 ruling “a rejection of the common sense of the American people” and a threat to democracy.As he read parts of that opinion aloud, Stevens’ voice wavered uncharacteristically and he repeatedly stumbled over words. For the 90-year-old who’d worried he wouldn’t know when to bow out, it was a signal. “That was the day I decided to resign,” Stevens said later. Justice Elena Kagan took is place.The retirement of Stevens, known as a defender of strict separation of church and state, notably left the high court without a single Protestant member for the first time. “I guess I’m the last WASP,” he joked, saying the issue was irrelevant to the justices’ work.A great-grandfather, he eased into an active retirement of writing and speaking, still fit for swimming and tennis in Fort Lauderdale, where he and his second wife, Maryan, kept another home away from Washington.He is survived by two daughters, Elizabeth and Susan, who were with him when he died. Other survivors include nine grandchildren and 13 great-grandchildren. Stevens’ first wife, Elizabeth, second wife, Maryan, and two children died before him. Funeral arrangements are pending, the Supreme Court said in a statement announcing his death. But he is expected to be buried in Arlington National Cemetery, next to Maryan.Born in Chicago on April 20, 1920, Stevens was a privileged child of a bygone era: He met Amelia Earhart and Charles Lindbergh at the family hotel and was at the ballpark when Babe Ruth hit his famous “called shot” home run in the 1932 World Series.He joined the Navy the day before Pearl Harbor, and was awarded the Bronze Star for his service with a Japanese code-breaking team. The code breakers’ work enabled the U.S. to shoot down a plane carrying the commander of the Japanese Navy, and that targeted wartime killing later contributed to his misgivings about the death penalty.After World War II, Stevens graduated first in his class at Northwestern University’s law school and clerked for Supreme Court Justice Wiley Rutledge. As a lawyer he became an antitrust expert, experience he brought to Supreme Court rulings such as one ending the NCAA’s control over televised college football games.President Richard Nixon appointed Stevens, a lifelong Republican, to the federal appeals court in Chicago. Judge Stevens was considered a moderate conservative when Ford _ whose nominee would need the approval of a Democratic-controlled Senate _ chose him for the Supreme Court.Stevens won unanimous confirmation after uneventful hearings nothing like today’s partisan shows. He once remarked that the contentious issue of abortion never came up during the hearings. At one point, as a witness began a statement critical of Stevens, the Judiciary Committee’s chairman, Mississippi Democrat James Eastland, invited the nominee into his office where they “shared a little bourbon” while the witness droned on in the hearing room, Stevens recalled.Stevens’ liberal bent once on the high court was “different than I envisioned,” Ford acknowledged decades later, but he still supported and praised him as “a very good legal scholar.”Stevens’ influence reached its height after other liberals retired in the early 1990s, leaving him the senior associate justice and the court’s leader on the left. For a dozen years after, he proved adept at drawing swing votes from Republican appointees Sandra Day O’Connor and Anthony Kennedy, often frustrating conservative Chief Justice William Rehnquist.To sway O’Connor and Kennedy toward his views on issues such as abortion rights, he listened closely to their concerns and crafted narrow rulings to reflect their thinking. Other times, when he had built a tenuous majority, he used his status as the senior liberal to assign the writing of the opinion to the justice whose support seemed to be wavering, in hopes of solidifying his colleague’s reasoning.Stevens’ clout diminished after Chief Justice John Roberts arrived in 2005 and O’Connor was replaced by the more conservative Samuel Alito.But he didn’t lose spirit.Throughout his career, Stevens unleashed some of his most memorable language in defeat.He wrote a scathing dissent in Bush v. Gore, the 2000 case that ended Florida’s presidential recount and anointed George W. Bush: “Although we may never know with complete certainty the identity of the winner of this year’s presidential election, the identity of the loser is perfectly clear. It is the nation’s confidence in the judge as an impartial guardian of the rule of law.”Relishing the wisdom of his years, Stevens liked to sprinkle his 21st century opinions with references to Prohibition or Tokyo Rose. He evoked stirring images of the D-Day assault on Omaha Beach in opposing the court’s ruling that flag-burning is a protected act of free speech. He never shied from issuing a lone dissent, as he did a 2007 case about a high-speed police chase.That case was notable for the justices’ ability to watch the chase on video from cameras mounted in police cruisers. What they saw scared them, and led to an 8-1 ruling that held officers blameless for the grievous injuries suffered by the driver of the car that was being pursued.It didn’t scare Stevens, who said he learned to drive when most high-speed driving took place on two-lane roads, “when split-second judgments about the risk of passing a slow-poke in the face of oncoming traffic were routine.” Had his younger colleagues learned the same way, he said, “they might well have reacted to the videotape more dispassionately.”The white-haired Stevens, eyes often twinkling behind owlish glasses, was the picture of old-fashioned geniality on the court and off. He took an unusually courteous tone with lawyers arguing their cases, but he was no pushover. After his fellow justices fired off questions, Stevens would politely weigh in. “May I ask a question?” he’d ask gently, then quickly slice to the weakest point of a lawyer’s argument. Salve hails verdict, says ICJ protected Jadhav from being executed Stevens, who died Tuesday at age 99 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, served longer than all but two justices and was the second-oldest after Oliver Wendell Holmes in the court’s nearly 230 years.He stepped down from the bench at age 90, but remained active in public life. He wrote books, spoke frequently in public and contributed lengthy pieces to The New York Review of Books.Stevens liked to argue that his views remained more or less the same, while the court became more conservative during his tenure. “I don’t think of myself as a liberal at all,” Stevens told The New York Times in 2007. “I think as part of my general politics, I’m pretty darn conservative.” Jharkhand court drops ‘donate Quran’ condition for bail to Ranchi woman over offensive post But the justice began his Supreme Court years as a critic of affirmative action and a supporter of the death penalty. His views on both shifted substantially to the point that Stevens declared in 2008 that he believes the death penalty is unconstitutional.His legal reasoning was often described as unpredictable or idiosyncratic, especially in his early years on the court. He was a prolific writer of separate opinions laying out his own thinking, whether he agreed or disagreed with the majority’s ruling. Yet Stevens didn’t consider his methods novel.He tended toward a case-by-case approach, avoided sweeping judicial philosophies, and stayed mindful of precedent.“I was trying to apply the law in a sensible way,” he told USA Today after his retirement. “I pretty much always thought I had the right answer.” Advertising How Gujarat fishermen won US top court ruling against global funding agency Advertising Often sympathetic toward protesters, Stevens couldn’t countenance their abuse of the Stars and Stripes _ perhaps because, to him, it stood for the values he treasured most. The flag deserved protection, Stevens wrote, as “a symbol of freedom, of equal opportunity, of religious tolerance.” Best Of Express last_img read more

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SDSU receives 4M grant to boost number of Latino researchers studying Alzheimers

first_img Source:https://health.ucsd.edu/news/releases/Pages/2018-09-27-As-Alzheimers-Numbers-Grow-Among-Latinos-Need-for-Research-Grows-Too-Say-Experts.aspx Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Sep 29 2018The National Institute on Aging (NIA) has awarded scientists at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and San Diego State University (SDSU) with a five-year, $4 million grant to boost the number of Latino and other underrepresented minority researchers studying Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related dementias afflicting seniors of Latino origins, a demographic historically overlooked.More than 5 million Americans are currently diagnosed with AD, a number expected to more than double by 2060 without prevention or cure, according to projections by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.Latinos comprise the largest ethnic-racial minority in the United States; by 2050, they are expected to encompass nearly one-third of the total population. In California and Texas, Latinos already represent almost 40 percent of residents, so it’s not surprising that the number of Latinos in the U.S. living with AD and related dementias is both currently substantial and projected to grow significantly — to approximately 3.2 million by 2060.And yet research investigating the effects and impact of AD within this demographic has historically been minimal. “Evidence shows this group is getting left behind in Alzheimer’s research and treatment, for many reasons,” said Hector González, PhD, associate professor of neurosciences at UC San Diego School of Medicine. “We need to address this disparity now, before it becomes impossible to keep up with.”Disparities in AD and related dementias exist even within the distinct Latino communities. For example, studies indicate that persons of Caribbean origin may have a four-fold greater risk of developing AD compared to whites and those of Mexican origin.Reasons for this disparity, though, remain elusive, in part because new data and resources haven’t been available to younger scientists wishing to spend more time on Latino-specific dementia research.”What has been missing is a concerted effort to nurture these young researchers,” González said. “We all know the gravity of the Alzheimer’s epidemic, and there has been a welcome amount of attention nationally and globally with intent to find a cure and prevention. What we must add are mechanisms for reducing prevalence of Alzheimer’s within the elder Latino population.”The new NIA grant will allow researchers from UC San Diego and San Diego State University to create the San Diego Resource Center for Advancing Alzheimer’s Research in Minority Seniors (SDRC-ARMS).The grant, awarded to UC San Diego, involves a joint partnership between the Department of Medicine, Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology and the Department of Neurosciences, all part of the UC San Diego School of Medicine, with San Diego State University’s Graduate School of Public Health and Department of Psychology.Related StoriesTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CTResearch on cannabis use in women limited, finds new studyScientists develop universal FACS-based approach to heterogenous cell sorting, propelling organoid researchThe primary objective is to recruit, train and mentor investigators from underrepresented backgrounds, with the specific goal of improving investigation of AD within the Latino population, from basic research to clinical treatment.Co-principal investigators are González; Alison Moore, MD, MPH, professor in the Department of Medicine and chief of the Division of Geriatrics and Gerontology at UC San Diego School of Medicine; Paul Gilbert, PhD, professor in the SDSU Department of Psychology; and John Elder, PhD, MPH, Distinguished Professor in the SDSU School of Public Health.SDRC-ARMS will provide mentorship, data, analytic and intellectual resources to supported researchers throughout Southern California, helping sustain their work and scientific careers with independent funding.”We want to help emerging scholars become independent and to have productive careers,” Moore said. “The long-term goal is to cure Alzheimer’s. The formation of the center provides the strong support and mentorship that helps move us toward that goal.”The grant highlights the institutions respective strengths: UC San Diego’s expertise in geriatrics and aging research, behavioral, sociocultural and systems biology, plus a deep understanding of the pathologies of AD and related dementias and SDSU’s strengths as a research-prolific, Hispanic-serving institution with robust programs in public health and psychology.The new center benefits, too from related ongoing research, such as the Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging project directed by González, which has found that Latino diversity is strongly related with risk for cognitive decline and dementia-related disorders.Additional support will come from the Shiley-Marcos Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center and the Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study, both at UC San Diego School of Medicine.Other community organizations involved in AD research and support will also become collaborators, including the Alzheimer’s Association, Alzheimer’s San Diego, Glenner Alzheimer’s Family Centers and Southern Caregiver Resource Center.”It’s essential that we fill critical gaps in Latino AD research while catalyzing the research careers of investigators from underrepresented groups,” said Moore. “We look forward to doing this in partnership with our two institutions and our community. In the end, we expect to have a meaningful impact on Alzheimer’s disease in the Latino population by fostering the success of the scientific workforce from Latino and other minority groups investigating this devastating brain disease.”last_img read more

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New report reveals concerning inadequacies in care for diabetes inpatients

first_imgOct 9 2018Diabetes UK’s ‘Making Hospitals Safe for People with Diabetes’ report, released today (08/10/2018), has revealed concerning inadequacies in care for diabetes inpatients. The report calls for hospitals to adopt six key requirements which would make them safe for people with diabetes, lead to significantly improved patient experiences and shorter lengths of stay.Diabetes UK’s analysis showed that 260,000 diabetes inpatients experienced a medication error during their hospital stay last year which could have resulted in serious harm or death. 9,600 diabetes inpatients experienced a serious and potentially life threatening episode of hypoglycemia because of poor insulin management during their hospital stay last year.Over a million people with diabetes were admitted to hospital last year. One in six hospital beds are currently occupied by people with diabetes, with this number expected to rise to one in four by 2030.Emily Watts, Diabetes UK’s Inpatient Program Manager and co-author of the report, said: The NHS is under immense strain, and diabetes is just one of the complex issues competing to be a priority. However, the number of diabetes inpatients receiving inadequate levels of care is a clear reflection that more must be done to make hospitals safe for those living with diabetes.The evidence clearly shows that fully resourced, proactive diabetes inpatient teams and an educated inpatient workforce can lead to happier, better supported patients and shorter lengths of stay. We will continue to work for better care for people with diabetes until every patient feels safe in hospital, from the time of admission to the point of discharge.” Inpatients with diabetes have higher infection rates and longer lengths of stay (one to three days longer than patients without diabetes). This has implications on NHS spending and workload. Diabetes inpatient care costs the NHS £2.5 billion a year, 11% of the annual inpatient budget.Adopting Diabetes UK’s recommendations and having the right workforce in place could significantly reduce the NHS’s spending. For example, investing £5 million on new diabetes inpatient specialist nursing services in 54 trusts would yield savings of £14 million per year, a net saving of £9 million annually.Improving care for diabetes inpatients would not only yield long term savings for the NHS, but also help to alleviate the strain on our NHS.Chris Askew, Chief Executive at Diabetes UK, said: Introducing multi-disciplinary diabetes inpatient teams in all hospitals (1/4 hospitals still don’t have a specialist diabetes inpatient nurse). Strong clinical leadership from diabetes inpatient teams Better training for health care professionals to help them understand diabetes Better support in hospitals for people to take ownership of their diabetes Better access to systems and technology More support to help hospitals learn from mistakes. Related StoriesUranium toxicity might have caused obesity and diabetes in Kuwait, finds new studyAADE’s comprehensive guidance on care of children, young adults with diabetes releasedMetformin use linked to lower risk of dementia in African Americans with type 2 diabetesNHS National Diabetes Inpatient Audits over recent years have shown gradual improvements to diabetes inpatient care, but the statistics released in the ‘Making Hospitals Safe for People with Diabetes’ report make clear that much more must be done.Diabetes UK’s ‘Making Hospitals Safe for People with Diabetes’ report was developed by visiting hospitals across the UK. The authors of the report spoke to people with diabetes, inpatient teams, healthcare professionals working in hospitals and hospital managers.The requirements which Diabetes UK are calling on hospitals to adopt came out of these conversations and are fully elaborated on in the report. They include: 9,600 people experiencing a severe, potentially life threatening episode of hypoglycemia because of inadequate care whilst in hospital, a place where people should feel supported and safe, is shocking and unacceptable. We hope our report will serve as a wake-up call, and lead to system-wide changes which make hospitals safe for people living with diabetes.Over a million people with diabetes spend time in hospital every year. It’s essential that hospitals are safe places for each and every one of these people. But the sad truth is that currently, not all of them are. Everything recommended in our report already exists in certain hospitals across England. We want hospitals to stop working alone, and start learning from each other’s successes.” Source:https://www.diabetes.org.uk/last_img read more

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Study shows correlation between spatial memory and the sense of smell

first_imgReviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Oct 20 2018People who have better spatial memory are also better at identifying odors, according to a study published this week in Nature Communications. The study builds on a recent theory that the main reason that a sense of smell evolved was to aid in navigation, since most animals rely primarily on smell to find food and avoid predators. The McGill research team, led by Véronique Bohbot from McGill’s Department of Psychiatry and the Douglas Mental Health University Institute, hypothesized that if this were indeed the case, there would be a strong link between navigation and olfaction. The researchers were able to show, for the first time, that similar regions of the brain (the hippocampus and the medial orbitofrontal cortex) are involved in these seemingly very different activities. They also discovered that the medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC), which is known to be involved in olfaction, is also critical to spatial memory.Related StoriesMercy Medical Center adds O-arm imaging system to improve spinal surgery resultsResearch team to create new technology for tackling concussionRepurposing a heart drug could increase survival rate of children with ependymomaTo test the correlation between spatial memory and the sense of smell, 57 participants (all young men and women) were asked to do a couple of different tasks relating to spatial memory. In one, they were given about 20 minutes to explore a virtual city, travelling down every street and passing key landmarks (schools, a pool and shops). They were then asked to find direct routes between some of the landmarks. Participants were then asked to identify 40 different smells, ranging from basil to strawberry or cinnamon.The researchers used structural MRIs to look at various regions of the brain known to be related to olfaction and spatial memory and found that participants who were good at both spatial navigation and identifying smells tended to have a bigger right hippocampus (an area of the brain known to be involved in long-term memory) and a thicker left mOFC.Since the mOFC, while known to be critical for olfaction, had not yet been found to be associated with spatial navigation, the researchers then confirmed their results through another experiment involving nine people with damage in this area of the brain. They found that patients with mOFC damage exhibited both olfactory and spatial memory deficits, while patients with damage elsewhere in the brain did not exhibit these deficits.”We weren’t sure, going in, that we would find that people who were better at identifying smells would also be good at navigating,” says Louisa Dahmani, who did the research during her doctoral work at McGill, and is currently doing a post-doc at Harvard. “So the results came as a real surprise.”Véronique Bohbot, the senior author adds: “The fact that both functions seem to rely on similar brain regions supports the idea that they were systems in the brain that were evolving at the same time – though this is theory, rather than anything we set out to show in this paper. All we can say for sure is that we now know a bit more about the brain systems involved in both navigation and olfaction.” Source:https://www.mcgill.ca/newsroom/channels/news/good-spatial-memory-youre-likely-be-good-identifying-smells-too-290807last_img read more

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Childhood body composition may play a role in future respiratory health

first_imgJan 16 2019How well we breathe as adults may depend on the amount of fat mass and lean body mass, or muscle, we have as children, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Source:http://www.thoracic.org/ In the current study, the authors combined body measurements and measurements produced using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to distinguish between muscle mass and fat mass. Using common lung function tests, the researchers also measured lung function in 6,964 children at ages 8 and 15 and calculated the growth in lung function during that time.Related StoriesHerbal supplement used to treat addiction and pain is not safe, research saysNew drug provides hope for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophyMultiple Sclerosis patients may have greater risk of developing cancerSpecifically, the study found: The researchers adjusted their results for a number of factors that might have biased results including birthweight, maternal smoking during pregnancy and the age of the children at puberty, as well as lung function levels at age eight.The authors believe their study has important research and public health implications. Body composition, and not just overall body mass, should be assessed when studying the health effects of weight in children, according to the researchers. They added that body composition in childhood and adolescence may play a role in future respiratory health. In boys and girls, higher lean body mass trajectories were associated with higher levels and lung growth rates of forced vital capacity (FVC), the total amount of air a person can exhale and taking the deepest breath possible; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), the amount of air a person can forcefully exhale in one second; and forced expiratory flow at 25-75 percent (FEF25-75), a measure of the speed that air comes out of the lungs. In boys and girls, higher fat mass was associated with lower levels of FEV1/FVC, a measure of airflow limitation often used to help diagnose asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In boys, but not girls, higher fat mass was associated with lower levels and lung growth rates of FEV1 and FEF25-75.center_img Some studies related higher body mass with higher lung function while others found higher body mass related to lower lung function. We hypothesized that these contradictory results could be attributed to the fact that overall body mass does not account for the different contribution of fat and muscle mass.”Dr. Garcia-Aymerich, senior study author and  head of non-communicable diseases at the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) In “Childhood Body Composition Trajectories and Adolescent Lung Function: Findings from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC),” Judith Garcia-Aymerich, MD, PhD, and colleagues report that boys and girls with more muscle mass in childhood and adolescence have higher lung function. The researchers also found that boys, but not girls, with more fat mass have lower lung function.Previous studies have looked at the association between overall body mass and lung function, but they found contradictory results. Public health strategies promoting healthy lifestyles may improve lung function and reduce respiratory morbidity in adult life. Such strategies should aim to not only reduce body weight but also reduce fat and increase muscle mass.”Dr. Garcia-Aymerichlast_img read more

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Inducing early labor costs the same as waiting for spontaneous labor

first_img Source:https://uofuhealth.utah.edu/ Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)May 3 2019Expectant parents wait 40 weeks for the arrival of their new baby, but what if labor was induced one week earlier? Conventional wisdom holds that inducing labor at 39 weeks would be cost-prohibitive to a health care system. However, the results of a joint study between University of Utah Health and Intermountain Healthcare show inducing labor one week early costs the same as waiting for spontaneous labor.Brett Einerson, M.D., M.P.H, will present their research findings at the Annual Meeting of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on Saturday, May 4th at 8:50 a.m. Eastern.”We found that the increase in cost from other parts of patient care cancel out those costs [from induction],” said Einerson, assistant professor in the division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at U of U Health. “This a conclusion that is totally opposite of what we in obstetrics have assumed over the past 30 years.”Related StoriesRaman Spectroscopy as a Universal Analytical Technique for Bodily FluidsCannabis use during pregnancy may cause premature birthFainting during pregnancy could be more serious than earlier believed finds studyThe study aimed to measure the actual cost differences between inducing labor early and spontaneous, natural labor. Einerson and his colleagues used data obtained from the ARRIVE clinical trial, a landmark, multicenter study consisting of more than 6,000 low-risk, first-time mothers. The team randomized 1,230 women enrolled in the ARRIVE study–608 were induced at 39 weeks and 622 experienced spontaneous labor.”We watched real patients as they went through the [health care] system to evaluate the actual costs for randomized patients for clinical outcomes,” Einerson said.The results confirm that the increased cost accrued from women spending more time in the hospital after inducing labor is offset by cost saved from avoiding additional tests, visits and medications later in pregnancy, as well as serious health outcomes, like pre-eclampsia. In addition, the researchers found that inducing labor at 39 weeks reduced the rate of Cesarean section in new mothers.”This a unique study that could only be accomplished in Utah,” said Sean Esplin, M.D., maternal fetal medicine physician and Chair of the Women and Newborn Research Group at Intermountain Healthcare, who is a contributing author on the study. “These results demonstrate the importance of considering cost in the medical decisions that we make. Intermountain Healthcare and the University of Utah are interested in providing the highest quality of care at the lowest price possible, so we are constantly tracking costs, which makes a study like this possible.”While the study is focused on Utah hospitals, Einerson believes the results are applicable across the country. The hospitals in this study span a cross section of health care facilities, both academic and community hospitals, where most deliveries occur across the United States.”This is a huge strength of our study,” Einerson said. “Our results represent high and low volume hospitals, which were consistent across each institution and could be transferable to other hospitals across country.”last_img read more

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Study finds stark socioeconomic inequalities in childrens body mass index

first_img A study following 41,399 children through childhood and adolescence has shown stark socio-economic differentials in risk of overweight and obesity across three European countries: Ireland, the United Kingdom, and Portugal. The researchers used data from Growing Up in Ireland (Ireland), the Millennium Cohort Study (UK), and Generation XXI (Portugal) to follow children’s Body Mass Index (BMI) trajectory from birth, across childhood, and into early adolescence using mother’s highest level of educational attainment as a proxy for the socio-economic position of the household. Differences in overweight and obesity by maternal educational level, were established by pre-school age in Ireland, the UK and Portugal. Lower maternal education was associated with faster gains in child body weight but lower height growth leading to a higher risk of overweight and obesity. In Ireland, boys and girls whose mothers’ had a primary-level education measured 0.90 kg / m2 and 1.31 kg / m2 heavier, on average, respectively at 13 years of age compared with children from tertiary-level (i.e. university) backgrounds. Source:Trinity College DublinJournal reference:Layte, R. et al. (2019) Maternal educational inequalities in measured body mass index trajectories in three European countries. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. doi.org/10.1111/ppe.12552. Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)May 24 2019Researchers at Trinity College have found that socio-economic inequalities in children’s body mass index (BMI) emerge during the pre-school years and widen across childhood and into early adolescence. These are the striking findings of a study published in the international, peer-reviewed journal Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology [Monday, May 20]. The findings arise from Trinity’s involvement with the LIFEPATH project, an EU-funded consortium project investigating social differences in healthy ageing.The researchers analyzed data on height and weight (body mass index or BMI) from 41,399 children measured over time in three European countries – Ireland, the UK, and Portugal – using the mother’s highest level of education as a marker of socio-economic position.The research shows that whilst there were no differences in BMI between children grouped by their mothers education in infancy, differences in BMI emerged by pre-school age (3-5 years) with children from primary and secondary educated maternal backgrounds gaining body mass at a faster rate compared with children from tertiary educated maternal backgrounds.These differences continued to widen as the children aged in all three countries. The authors used International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) cut-offs to determine how these differences in BMI translate into overweight and obesity. In general, they found that children from primary educated backgrounds were more likely to be overweight or obese at any age for which IOTF cut-offs were available compared with children whose mothers’ had a tertiary level education. This is a worrying trend as children who are obese in early life are more likely to maintain this status into adolescence and adulthood, increasing risk for chronic disease later in life.Key findings Research Assistant Professor (Psychology) at Trinity College, Dr Cathal McCrory, the lead author of the paper commented: This study shows that children from disadvantaged socio-economic backgrounds gain body mass more quickly than their more advantaged peers, are more likely to be overweight or obese from pre-school age onwards, and are more likely to become obese if previously non-overweight. They are quite literally carrying a heavier burden of disease from much earlier in life. These findings reinforce the necessity of challenging the childhood obesity epidemic at early ages as these patterns are difficult to change once they have become entrenched. Urgent government action is now required to understand the material, social, and structural barriers that contribute to these stark socio-economic differences in obesity risk”. This research shows that inequalities in health and life expectancy start early in life and are well established by age 5. Most children who are obese have a higher risk of being obese in adulthood with long-term health consequences. For example, other data from Growing Up in Ireland show that obesity at age 17/18 is already associated with raised blood pressure. This is a public health issue that needs urgent action”. Professor of Sociology at Trinity College, Richard Layte, the senior author of the study added:last_img read more

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UT Dallas adds MILabs Hybrid OICT system to its innovative medical imaging

first_imgProf. Frederik Beekman, CEO/CSO of MILabs adds: Jun 20 2019The Department of Bioengineering at the UT Dallas is adding a MILabs Hybrid OI/CT system to its innovative medical imaging solutions. By fusing bioluminescent and fluorescent imaging with ultra-high-resolution CT, this new in-vivo imaging system enables functional treatment imaging of diseases throughout the whole-body of a small animal while providing at the same time critical tissue characterization information. Source:MILabs According to Prof. Kenneth Hoyt, Director of the Small Animal Imaging Core facility: Bioengineering Department of UT Dallas We are excited that Prof. Hoyt’s team, a trend-setter in the disease and treatment effects of microvascular dysfunction, has selected Hybrid 3D OI/CT for his innovative research work. We hope to further collaborate with UT Dallas on future translational research by expanding his system with nuclear imaging capabilities such as PET and SPECT” The combination of 3D optical imaging with ultra-high-resolution microCT expands applications beyond traditional optical imaging. For instance, this Hybrid OI/CT system enables to pinpoint cancer deep into tissue and at the same time, can provide distinctive microvascular characteristics such as blood supply to determine whether tumors are prone to growth and metastasis. This provides prognostic value when monitoring early tumor response to neoadjuvant treatment.”last_img read more

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Sales of diesel cars in Germany drop after court permits ban

Explore further Figures released Wednesday by the Federal Motor Transport Authority show new registrations of diesel-powered cars dropped by 25.4 percent in March to under 109,000, compared with about 146,000 during the same month a year earlier.Germany’s top administrative court ruled Feb. 27 that cities can ban diesel cars and trucks to combat air pollution. The decision is a further blow to diesel fuel technology after the revelations that German automaker Volkswagen cheated on U.S. emissions tests.The value of diesel vehicles in Germany already had fallen significantly, and their market share has fallen since the VW scandal broke in 2015. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Toyota to stop selling diesel cars in Europe This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. German officials say there’s been a sharp drop in sales of new diesel cars, following a court decision that allows cities to ban the use of heavily polluting vehicles. Citation: Sales of diesel cars in Germany drop after court permits ban (2018, April 4) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-sales-diesel-cars-germany-court.html read more

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There are no age restrictions for gambling in video games despite potential

Blockchain-enabled cat breeding and the future of gambling This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. Gambling via mobile devices or mobile games has remained largely unregulated in Australia. Credit: Shutterstock Citation: There are no age restrictions for gambling in video games, despite potential risks to children (2018, May 16) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-age-restrictions-gambling-video-games.html Risks for childrenWhen children and teenagers play simulated gambling games (featuring either real money or fake money), they are more likely to grow up and gamble with real money. One study found that almost 30% of adolescents who played simulated poker went on to play real poker with real money later in life. Some companies claim that games can have gambling techniques, with no risk to children, so long as there is no real money involved. However, even if gambling games are ostensibly “free” to play, they pose a risk to young people by making them more susceptible to gambling mechanics, psychological tricks and addiction. To put it simply, when a young person reaches age 18 and finally enters a casino having previously played social gambling games, they will be more susceptible to real gambling and psychological addiction, because they will be primed for it. Gaming classifications are out of stepThe low classification of gambling games in Australia is out of line with the broader laws on gambling. In all states, there are strict laws on who can enter a casino and who can gamble, with every state imposing age restrictions roughly correlating with adulthood. If these general laws were imposed on gambling games, they would receive a classification of R (18+) – the highest possible rating – rather than G (for a general audience). Since 2013, Australia has had an R (18+) category for games. At the time of its introduction, it was argued that the adult rating would empower the classification agency, and stop kids from having access to games that could potentially harm them. It would appear that that has not occurred with regards to gambling games.Despite recent statements by the Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation that some video game mechanics can “constitute gambling”, not much has changed regarding the law in Victoria or any other state. Victorian officials state that they can do very little when a gaming company or product is based overseas. However, it is unclear why the regulator, the Australian Classification Board, cannot put higher ratings on gambling games sold in Australia, in Australian stores or on Australian websites. The benefits of gamingVideo games do not have to be addictive or feature gambling mechanics to be fun or to make money. Many of the most successful video games today feature no gambling mechanics at all. Some are actually good for you because they help develop creativity, keep an active brain or teach new skills. The rise of gamification, or the use of games for serious purposes, has led to a variety of games that assist educators, the government and private companies in creating interactive learning experiences. It is unfortunate that some video gaming companies continue to develop gambling and anti-social video games, when the power of video games as a positive medium for change is just starting to develop.Without further action by the regulator, it is up to the states to determine whether online gambling video games should remain out of line with the general laws concerning gambling and age restrictions in Australia. Provided by The Conversationcenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Since the early 2000s, the boom in mobile technology has seen the spread of video games from desktop PCs to the pockets of young people everywhere. But with that spread has come new hazards, in the form of online social gambling.Gambling games are mostly rated ‘PG’ or ‘G’Gambling via mobile devices or mobile games has remained largely unregulated in Australia. In a 2012 study of more than 100 video games featuring gambling simulations, 69 of them were rated PG (8+) and 33 of them were rated G (for a general audience) by the Australian regulator. In other words, no gambling games received any age restrictions.The Australian Classification Board, the body charged with rating games, consistently underrates games that feature gambling, despite the potential risk they pose to children. Part of the explanation comes down to the way games are classified. In Australia, video games classifications are based on six criteria: themes, violence, sex, language, drug use and nudity. Gambling comes under the first broad category of “themes” and is generally classified according to the presence of gambling, gambling references or gambling themes.Game developers use the classification system to their advantage by skirting the edges of what is considered an acceptable “presence of gambling”. Gambling video games tend to fall into three broad categories in this regard: actual online casinos, social gambling games (which can use real money, but can also be played for free) and games that use gambling techniques. The latter type, including games such as Candy Crush, use techniques similar to a slot machine, but do not actually look like a casino. The other types often explicitly look like a casino. Regardless, they still receive a G rating. According to a 2018 report by Digital Australia, 97% of Australian households with children have at least one device for playing video games. More than 60% of households have five or more devices. read more

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UKs illegal backup power scheme subsidised fossil fuels – a greener alternative

first_imgThe ECJ had serious concerns about the design of the scheme. Credit: shutterstock This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: UK’s ‘illegal’ backup power scheme subsidised fossil fuels – a greener alternative should now replace it (2018, November 27) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-uk-illegal-backup-power-scheme.html The amount of renewable, low-carbon, energy the UK produces is increasing, but it is very different to traditional types of power. It can’t just be turned on when wanted. As a result, the capacity market scheme – essentially a programme of subsidies – was set up to help provide backup power when the supply of renewable energy the UK produces is outpaced by demand. Explore further Modelling a future fuelled by sustainable energycenter_img Provided by The Conversation Until recently this was the flagship mechanism for helping the UK meet its climate change reduction targets while maintaining a secure electricity supply. However, on November 15 the European Court of Justice ruled that the European Commission had failed to properly investigate the scheme, rendering it unlawful. Despite its huge implications, this news was buried beneath blanket coverage of prime minister Theresa May’s Brexit deal, which came out at the same time.How did the capacity market work?Participants in the capacity market scheme – predominately fossil fuel-based power suppliers – were paid per megawatt (MW) for the capacity they offered. In order to offset the risk of investing in less predictable supply, fixed monthly payments were made to these suppliers. The first contracts were agreed at the end of 2014 and their requirement to start providing capacity started last winter. Funding of up to £2.6 billion a year was set aside in 2012 by the UK government, as it was deemed the most appropriate mechanism for helping meet demand in an increasingly supply-led system. However, in 2014 Tempus Energy raised objections about the scheme to the European Court of Justice. Its stance was that it favoured the use of fossil fuels rather than considering other mechanisms, such as flexible price incentives for industry and domestic users, which involve reducing costs when there is an abundance of wind and solar, and increasing the cost when there is not. Smart metering is one way in which this can be done on a domestic scale. This can also happen on an industrial level with incentives to increase or reduce demand based on supply levels, for example, Demand Turn Up or Firm Frequency Response. This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. In essence Tempus argued that the scheme made it harder for it and other demand management companies to compete with the well established fossil fuel-based power generators.Under EU state aid rules, member states are obliged to consider alternative ways of meeting market demand for power before subsidising polluting generators. They also require any capacity boosting measures to be designed in a way that provides “adequate incentives” for operators of new, cleaner technologies. Subsidising fossil fuelsTempus data shows that the capacity market had predominantly supported fossil fuel providers. Therefore, the UK had effectively been state funding fossil fuel power generators to be on standby to produce power when, and if, there was a shortfall in the electricity being produced. The concern is that by using the scheme to predominantly fund fossil fuel provision, Britain will continue to rely on such technologies into the future, reducing the ability to cut climate change targets and uphold agreements. So on November 15, the ECJ ruled in favour of Tempus and stated that the European Commission was wrong to clear the scheme for state aid approval in 2014 without looking into it in more detail. As a result the market has been suspended indefinitely. The decision means the UK government cannot now issue capacity market payments to energy firms. In addition, it cannot hold any further auctions, including the upcoming auctions scheduled to run in January and February 2019 to secure additional power capacity for upcoming winters. Britain will, most probably, be able to keep the lights on, but it might come at a higher financial cost in the short term. Energy policy in the UK is incredibly complex. There are numerous incentives, taxes and subsidies all with the aim of reducing cost, reducing carbon and meeting green house reduction targets and producing a sustainable supply. A review of the cost of energy in 2017, by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, outlined the UK’s energy policy to be lacking in terms of consistency and ability to meet the needs of the country. It stated that, “energy policy, regulation and market design are not fit for the purposes of the emerging low carbon energy market”. A chance for green energyIt’s hard to move from a dispatchable system to a more supply-led system. All of the UK’s costing models and energy policies are essentially based on the ability to burn something to provide power, and the economics have developed from the traditional supply-and-demand approach. What Britain now needs to do is move from traditional demand based policies to those which include the whole energy system.The capacity market attempted to do part of this by favouring fossil fuels as a mechanism to cope with short term shortfalls in supply. The UK needs to be doing better than this. It must adopt a truly systems-based approach to dealing with its increasing renewable supply. This ruling, while problematic in the short term, is a long term opportunity to develop a more dynamic and flexible energy system. The UK must invest in demand management programmes rather than only investing in generating assets. Britain needs to embrace a truly low carbon system with active demand management systems alongside renewable technology – enabling it to phase out its reliance on fossil fuels.last_img read more

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Japans Honda Hino join SoftBankToyota mobility venture

first_img Citation: Japan’s Honda, Hino join SoftBank-Toyota mobility venture (2019, March 28) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-japan-honda-hino-softbank-toyota-mobility.html Japanese technology company SoftBank Corp. and Toyota Motor Corp., the nation’s top automaker, announced late last year a joint venture for mobility services, in what they called a “united Japan” effort to face global competition.Honda Motor Co., Toyota’s rival, and Hino Motors, Toyota’s truck division, said Thursday each company will acquire a 9.9 percent stake in the 2 billion yen ($20 million) Toyota-SoftBank venture Monet Technologies Corp.Each company invests $250 million yen ($2.3 million), according to the companies.Toyota and SoftBank also announced Thursday a Monet Consortium, which includes partnerships with 88 other companies, including Coca-Cola Bottlers Japan and East Japan Railway Co., to enhance mobility services.Philips Japan, a health technology company, developer Mitsubishi Estate and Yahoo Japan Corp. have also agreed to join the consortium.Technology experts say advances in artificial intelligence and sensors are opening up potential for autonomous driving and other mobility services, although safety concerns remain a major hurdle.Honda President Takahiro Hachigo said collaborating with Monet will include efforts to realize regulatory changes.”Honda wants to contribute to the revitalization of the mobility service industry in Japan and solve traffic-related problems facing Japanese society,” he said.Yoshio Shimo, Hino president, said the move was part of the truckmaker’s ongoing efforts to transport goods and people.”Through this partnership, we will strive to achieve our vision of creating a world where people and goods move freely, safely and efficiently,” said Shimo.SoftBank owns 40.2 percent in Monet Technologies; Toyota owns 39.8 percent.In announcing the partnership in October, Toyota President Akio Toyoda said the move reflected the company’s desire to change and keep up with global competition in autonomous vehicles and other technology.Toyota is widely seen as a traditional Japan Inc. company, while SoftBank, led by Masayoshi Son, has a reputation for aggressively investing in less traditional brands, such as car-sharing companies Uber, Didi and Grab, as well as Arm, a leader in the internet of things, or IoT. Explore further © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Toyota, SoftBank setting up mobility services joint venturecenter_img Japanese automakers Honda and Hino are joining a partnership between SoftBank and Toyota for mobility service innovation such as self-driving cars. In this Oct. 4, 2018, file photo, Softbank Group Corp. Chairman Masayoshi Son, left, and Toyota Motor Corp. President Akio Toyoda shake hands after their talk as part of a joint press conference in Tokyo. Japanese automakers Honda and Hino are joining a partnership between SoftBank and Toyota for mobility service innovation such as self-driving cars. SoftBank and Toyota, the nation’s top automaker, announced a joint venture for mobility services, in what they called a “united Japan” effort to face global competition. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko, File) This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Huntsman Spider Devours Possum in Viral and Terrifying Photos

first_img Latton’s husband was conducting repair work at the lodge when he noticed the spider lurking on the door just above his co-worker’s head, Latton told “Tasmania Talks.” The two captured the spider in an empty ice-cream container and released the huntsman outside the lodge; the arachnid skedaddled and left its possum meal behind, Latton said. Huntsman spiders are ambush predators, and they use their large and powerful fangs to deliver venomous bites. Spiders are commonly thought to suck the liquids from their prey; in reality, they vomit digestive fluid onto their meals, chew the saturated flesh and then slurp up the dissolved nutrients, Rod Crawford, curatorial associate of arachnids at the Burke Museum in Seattle, wrote on the museum website. Huntsman spiders’ usual prey includes many types of insects, reptiles and even other spiders. But it shouldn’t come as a surprise that small mammals are also occasionally on the menu. Numerous spider species worldwide are known to eat bats, and researchers recently recorded the first evidence of tropical spiders preying on mouse opossums, in the Peruvian Amazon, Live Science previously reported. Amazon Spiders Hunt Frogs, Fish, Lizards…And MammalsFor small animals in the tropics, spiders and their arthropod cousins are responsible for “a surprising amount of death,” scientists say.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65746-possum-eating-spider-australia.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0001:0601:06Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball01:09Robots to the Rescue02:27Robotic Arms关闭  Eight-eyed huntsman spiders in the Sparassidae family deliver venomous bites with their sharp fangs, paralyzing small prey. Credit: Courtesy of Justine Latton Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoNucificTop Dr. Reveals The 1 Nutrient Your Gut Must HaveNucificUndo In Australia — where else? — a large spider recently demonstrated the dominance of arachnids over puny mammals, as it chowed down on an unfortunate pygmy possum. Southern Tasmania resident Justine Latton shared her husband’s photos of the gruesome meal on June 14 in the Facebook group Tasmanian Insects and Spiders. He captured the images at a lodge in Tasmania’s Mount Field National Park while doing light repair work, Latton said yesterday (June 18) on the radio program “Tasmania Talks.” Members of the Facebook group identified the arachnid as a huntsman (also known as a giant crab spider); these large, long-legged spiders in the Sparassidae family live all over Australia. In the photo, the huntsman hangs head-down from a door hinge and grips its prey by the neck. The dead marsupial — which appears to be a pygmy possum, according to commenters — dangles limply from the huntsman’s mandibles. [In Photos: A Tarantula-Eat-Snake World] The animal commonly known as a possum in North America (actually an “opossum,” which belongs to a different order) can grow to be as big as a cat; were that the case here, the spider would easily be the size of a large dinner plate. But pygmy possums (Cercartetus lepidus) are the smallest possums in the world, measuring about 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 centimeters) long and weighing about 0.2 ounces (7 grams), according to Tasmania’s Parks and Wildlife Service. On average, a huntsman spider’s leg span can reach up to 6 inches (15 cm), while their bodies measure about 0.7 inches (2 cm) long, the Australian Museum reported. In Photos: Tarantulas Strut Their Stuff In Photos: The Amazing Arachnids of the World Goliath Birdeater: Images of a Colossal Spiderlast_img read more

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Did We Mishear Neil Armstrongs Famous First Words on the Moon

first_imgOn July 20, 1969, an estimated 650 million people watched in suspense as Neil Armstrong descended a ladder towards the surface of the Moon. As he took his first steps, he uttered words that would be written into history books for generations to come: “That’s one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind.” Or at least that’s how the media reported his words.Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65950-neil-armstrong-first-words-on-moon.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  But Armstrong insisted that he actually said, “That’s one small step for a man.” In fact, in the official transcript of the Moon landing mission, NASA transcribes the quote as “that’s one small step for (a) man.” As a linguist, I’m fascinated by mistakes between what people say and what people hear. In fact, I recently conducted a study on ambiguous speech, using Armstrong’s famous quote to try to figure out why and how we successfully understand speech most of the time, but also make the occasional mistake. Our extraordinary speech-processing abilities Despite confusion over Armstrong’s words, speakers and listeners have a remarkable ability to agree on what is said and what is heard. When we talk, we formulate a thought, retrieve words from memory and move our mouths to produce sound. We do this quickly, producing, in English, around five syllables every second. The process for listeners is equally complex and speedy. We hear sounds, which we separate into speech and non-speech information, combine the speech sounds into words, and determine the meanings of these words. Again, this happens nearly instantaneously, and errors rarely occur. These processes are even more extraordinary when you think more closely about the properties of speech. Unlike writing, speech doesn’t have spaces between words. When people speak, there are typically very few pauses within a sentence. Yet listeners have little trouble determining word boundaries in real time. This is because there are little cues — like pitch and rhythm — that indicate when one word stops and the next begins. But problems in speech perception can arise when those kinds of cues are missing, especially when pitch and rhythm are used for non-linguistic purposes, like in music. This is one reason why misheard song lyrics — called “mondegreens” — are common. When singing or rapping, a lot of the speech cues we usually use are shifted to accommodate the song’s beat, which can end up jamming our default perception process. But it’s not just lyrics that are misheard. This can happen in everyday speech, and some have wondered if this is what happened in the case of Neil Armstrong. Studying Armstrong’s mixed signals Over the years, researchers have tried to comb the audio files of Armstrong’s famous words, with mixed results. Some have suggested that Armstrong definitely produced the infamous “a,” while others maintain that it’s unlikely or too difficult to tell. But the original sound file was recorded 50 years ago, and the quality is pretty poor. So can we ever really know whether Neil Armstrong uttered that little “a”? Perhaps not. But in a recent study, my colleagues and I tried to get to the bottom of this. First, we explored how similar the speech signals are when a speaker intends to say “for” or “for a.” That is, could a production of “for” be consistent with the sound waves, or acoustics, of “for a,” and vice-versa? So we examined nearly 200 productions of “for” and 200 productions of “for a.” We found that the acoustics of the productions of each of these tokens were nearly identical. In other words, the sound waves produced by “He bought it for a school” and “He bought one for school” are strikingly similar. But this doesn’t tell us what Armstrong actually said on that July day in 1969. So we wanted to see if listeners sometimes miss little words like “a” in contexts like Armstrong’s phrase. We wondered whether “a” was always perceived by listeners, even when it was clearly produced. And we found that, in several studies, listeners often misheard short words, like “a.” This is especially true when the speaking rate was as slow as Armstrong’s. In addition, we were able to manipulate whether or not people heard these short words just by altering the rate of speech. So perhaps this was a perfect storm of conditions for listeners to misperceive the intended meaning of this famous quote. The case of the missing “a” is one example of the challenges in producing and understanding speech. Nonetheless, we typically perceive and produce speech quickly, easily and without conscious effort. A better understanding of this process can be especially useful when trying to help people with speech or hearing impairments. And it allows researchers to better understand how these skills are learned by adults trying to acquire a new language, which can, in turn, help language learners develop more efficient strategies. Fifty years ago, humanity was changed when Neil Armstrong took those first steps on the Moon. But he probably didn’t realize that his famous first words could also help us better understand how humans communicate. [Sign up for The Conversation’s newsletter to get insight each day] This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoBeverly Hills MDTop Plastic Surgeon Reveals: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoPanzer RushThis new game will rob you of sleepPanzer RushUndoDailySpikesThese Are The Best 10 Classic Cars To Invest In Right NowDailySpikesUndoWeiss RatingsSigns of Major Market Storm BrewingWeiss RatingsUndo Melissa Michaud Baese-Berk, Associate Professor of Linguistics, University of Oregonlast_img read more

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COAI expresses concern over Bengaluru civic bodys action

first_imgSHARE SHARE EMAIL July 21, 2018 The Cellular Operators’ Association of India has expressed concern over the sudden and unwarranted action by BBMP (Bengaluru civic body) to remove the OFC cables which has led to huge outages and inconvenience to the subscribers in densely populated areas.Rajan S Mathews, DG, COAI, in a statement, said “We would like to highlight that all our members are fully complaint with the rules and regulations of the authorities concerned. Irrespective of that, the cables have been removed and at least 700 mobile towers have been affected in around seven zones in Bengaluru.”“BBMP has been insisting on payments beyond what was agreed between the parties concerned in the MoU, dated March 28, 2014. The industry has been trying to resolve the issue but BBMP has frequently been involved in cutting the cables and disrupting the service rather than framing rules to regularise them,” he added.”This is a setback to Prime Minister’s Digital India push and we hope that it doesn’t hamper the progress of the ambitious project. We are afraid that this type of activity will negate the honourable PM’s vision of a digital and connected India,” he explained.Mathews said “We believe that, in consumer interest, the government authorities and relevant stakeholders should deliberate with the service providers to come to a solution as soon as possible. TSPs are keen and willing to fully co-operate with the authorities çoncerned and government departments/agencies to regularise the cable laying process. The industry is open to a dialogue and resolution immediately.”Ends SHARE COMMENTS Published on COMMENTlast_img read more

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Vibrant Gujarat PM Narendra Modi to inaugurate summit on January 18

first_img COMMENT January 12, 2019 SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on Prime Minister Narendra Modi SHARE Heads of state from 5 countries to be present at the event COMMENTS Prime Minister Narendra Modi to inaugurate 9th edition of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit in the presence of heads of state from Uzbekistan, Rwanda, Czech Republic, Denmark and Republic of Malta on January 18. Prime Minister Modi will conduct one-on-one interactions with these leaders during the day after inauguration in the morning. “The Ministry of External Affairs is organising the meetings at the Prime Minister’s lounge at Mahatma Mandir,” informed J N Singh, Chief Secretary of Gujarat during a media interaction on Friday. An array of international and national business leaders will take part during the three-day summit. The Prime Minister will arrive in Ahmedabad on January 17 to inaugurate global trade show and in the evening, he will throw open the Ahmedabad Shopping Festival by making a token purchase from Sabarmati Riverfront market. The following day after the inauguration of the Summit, he will chair a round-table of global sovereign wealth/pension funds and institutions in the evening. Sharing an update on the preparations on the iconic event, Singh stated that the event has witnessed registrations from over 20,000 delegates and about 26,000 companies. While overall 115 delegations will take part in the event, there will also be 21 ministers from 15 partner countries.”The focus of the Vibrant Gujarat is not limited to Gujarat. We have opened our floor for national and international engagements in trade and exports. There will be a dedicated Africa Day to emphasise our focus on engagement with African nations. This is the forum for discussions and policy formulations,” said Singh.Singh further stated that Prime Minister may stay back for the night of January 18 and take part in the events happening the next day. The valedictory session of the event will take place in the afternoon of January 20 and is likely to be attended by the Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu and chief minister Vijay Rupani.last_img read more

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Congress kicks off Lok Sabha poll campaign from Gujarat

first_imgAll India Congress Committee (AICC) Stitching up alliances, a challenge for Congress Rahul Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi (file photo)   –  The HIndu SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on SHARE COMMENT Congress President Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday said no sacrifice was too great to defeat the RSS and BJP ideology of “fascism, hatred, anger and divisiveness”.Speaking at the crucial Congress Working Committee (CWC) meeting at the Sardar Patel National Memorial here, he underlined the Congress party’s resolve to fight the forces of hatred.  “On the anniversary of Gandhi Ji’s historic Dandi March, the Congress Working Committee in Ahmedabad, resolved to defeat the RSS/ BJP ideology of fascism, hatred, anger & divisiveness. No sacrifice is too great in this endeavour; no effort too little; this battle will be won,” Gandhi tweeted on the occasion. UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi of playing the “victim card” as she said people of the country were the victims of his “wrong policies”. According to sources, the senior Congress leader in her address lashed out at the Modi government for ‘politicising’ issues related to national interest. She also called for highlighting the achievements of the previous UPA government along with emphasising on the need to move forward in providing a new vision for the country.Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who also addressed the meeting, talked about the agrarian crisis, hampered industrial growth and unemployment under the present regime at the Centre.The meeting started with a two-minute silence in memory of the victims of Pulwama terror attack.The party’s top leadership started discussions on key poll issues at the CWC meeting. The party started the day by paying rich tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at the Sabarmati Ashram here. The day also marks the anniversary of the historic Dandi March, started by Mahatma Gandhi from Sabarmati Ashram on March 12, 1930. “Today marks the anniversary of the #DandiMarch, led by Mahatma Gandhi, which played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence. The march was a non-violent protest against the rigorous and oppressive British policies on salt,” the Congress said on its official Twitter handle.Other party leaders like A K Antony, Ghulam Nabi Azad, Ahmed Patel, Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot, Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel, Puducherry Chief Minister V Narayanasamy, former Chief Ministers Siddaramaiah, Tarun Gogoi, Harish Rawat and Oommen Chandy attended a prayer meeting at the Sabarmati Ashram.It is also the first official meeting of Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, who was appointed as Congress general secretary in-charge of western Uttar Pradesh recently.Sources said the CWC is likely to authorise the party president to finalise alliances in key states with other like-minded parties in order to defeat the BJP ‘unitedly’. They said the party was also likely to discuss the issue of national security and pass a resolution condemning terrorism of any kind.The Congress, at its meeting of the working committee, the highest decision making body, will give the final shape to its strategy for the general elections. The Congress Working Committee (CWC) meeting is being held at Vallabhbhai Patel’s national memorial here, with top party leaders, including former prime minister Manmohan Singh and newly-appointed Congress general secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra in attendance. This will be the first official meeting of Priyanka Gandhi after assuming an active political role in the Congress party.Later, the party will sound the poll bugle from Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state, with a ‘Jan Sankalp Rally’ here, party leaders said.The day-long meeting of the Congress Working Committee assumes significance as it comes barely two days after the declaration of the poll schedule. Sources said the Congress is seeking to give a strong political message to the nation from the land of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel, with the party leadership holding the prayer meeting at Sabarmati Gandhi Ashram in Ahmedabad, followed by the CWC meet at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel national memorial in the state.The CWC meeting is being held in Gujarat after a gap of 58 years. It was last held in the state at Bhavnagar in 1961.The party will also hold a public meeting in Adalaj in Gandhinagar district of Gujarat with the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’ Priyanka Gandhi is also likely to address this meeting in her first public rally after entering politics.Patidar leader Hardik Patel, who shot to fame by spearheading quota stir in the state and is set to fight the Lok Sabha polls, will join the Congress at the meeting in the presence of party chief Rahul Gandhi. Besides giving final shape to its Lok Sabha election strategy, the party will demand answers from Modi and the BJP on what it calls the “failures” and “unfulfilled promises” of the government. political campaignscenter_img March 12, 2019 Congress Working Committee national elections Congress to fight alone in Telugu States? RELATED COMMENTS Sonia, Rahul in Congress’ first list for Lok Sabha pollslast_img read more

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Affin Hwang maintains Buy on Gabungan AQRS raises TP to RM188

first_img Analyst Reports 11 Jul 2019 Affin Hwang maintains Neutral on plantations as palm oil stockpiles dip Tags / Keywords: Analyst Reports 09 Jul 2019 KLCCPSG offers defensive earnings, sustainable yields, says Affin Hwang Analyst Reports 08 Jul 2019 Affin Hwang maintains Buy on Ta Ann, TP at RM3.25 “AQRS has good prospects to grow its remaining order book of RM1.96bn, equivalent to 3.6x FY18 construction revenue. “We assume it will secure RM1.5bn worth of new contracts in 2019E and RM1bn p.a. in 2020-21E. “But we cut our core EPS by 3-5% in 2019-21E to reflect slower new contract awards and dilutive impact from the exercise of warrants,” it said.In its property segment, AQRS has launched its E’Island Residence affordable condominium and relaunched The Peak condominium in 2Q19.Affin Hwang noted that the company has achieved booking of RM75mil in 1H19, mostly for the E’Island project, and that take-up rate remains low due to weak property market conditions.However, it is able to weather the weak demand and offer a rent-to-own scheme for The Peak due to low bank borrowings to finance the property projects. KUALA LUMPUR: Affin Hwang Capital research has raised the target price of Gabungan AQRS Bhd , one of its top market and sector buys, to RM1.88 from RM1.65 previously.According to Affin Hwang, AQRS is looking to tie-up with a Bumiputera contractor with a large balance sheet, which will allow it to bid for a multi-billion ringgit contract under the Bumiputera category for the East Coast Rail Link.It said the company has a cost advantage with its established construction operation in KotaSAS, which will have an ECRL station, and its acess to quarry stone supplies in Pahang.Meanwhile, AQRS has also submitted RM2.2bil worth of tenders for the Pan Borneo Highway Sabah with Suria Capital.center_img Related News {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} Related News Analyst Reportslast_img read more

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5 employees suspended for remaining absent from duty in JKs Rajouri

first_img5 employees suspended for remaining absent from duty in J-K’s RajouriA team of officers of the district administration inspected 11 offices of various government departments located at the district headquarter and found five employees absent without leave.advertisement Press Trust of India JammuJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 22:57 IST Government offices inspected including Geology and Mining office | REUTERS image for representationHIGHLIGHTSA team of officers of district administration inspected 11 offices of various government departmentsFive employees from different departments were suspended in RajouriThey were suspended for remaining absent from dutyFive government employees of different departments were suspended for remaining absent from duty on Friday in Jammu and Kashmir’s Rajouri district, officials said.A team of officers of the district administration inspected 11 offices of various government departments located at the district headquarter and found five employees absent without leave, they said.The government offices inspected are the Animal Husbandry Department, Sales Tax office, Geology and Mining office, Excise and Taxation office, IWMP office, Child Development Project Office, General Provident office, District Forest office (Social Forestry), Cooperatives office, Fisheries Office and the Pollution Control Board office.The employees were placed under suspension, they said.Also Read | Amit Shah’s mission Kashmir banks on newly elected panch, sarpanch for developmentAlso Read | Preparing to hold Jammu & Kashmir elections by end of 2019, says Amit ShahAlso Watch | India Today investigation: Know what is happening in Jammu & KashmirFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byMohak Gupta Tags :Follow Jammu and KashmirFollow Rajouri Nextlast_img read more

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